06 May Mango, a tropical fruit that conquers the world
Over 90 countries cultivate this fruit that grows only in tropical and subtropical areas. With the worldwide growing demand, it is important a good logistics management in order that the mangoes reach the consumers in the best form.
Ranked as the second most consumed tropical fruit in the world and cultivated for over 4,000 years, mango is native from Asia, which still controls 77% of world production. To get an idea, it is so important in countries like India, Pakistan and Philippines, that is considered as a national fruit. It is believed that during the sixteenth century the production expanded to other territories, mainly conquering the countries of Africa and America, due to the tropical and subtropical climate.
THE NUMBERS ARE CONTINUING TO RISE
In the last 30 years the global cultivation doubled, currently has about 90 producing countries, making possible the purchase of mangos throughout the year, even though the harvest season lasts an average of 3 to 6 months.
According to the latest data collected by FAOSTAT, during the campaign of 2014-2015, India stood out as the largest producer of mango with an amount of 15.188 million tons per year, covering a percentage of 42.2% of total world production. Below are China (4,350,000 tons), Thailand (2,600,000 tons), Indonesia (2,131,139 tons) and Pakistan (1,888,449 tons).
In 2014, Spain produced about 24,000 tons of the variety known as Osteen.
The Spanish mangoes are grown in Andalusia, with special attention to the province of Malaga, due to the subtropical climate. The most exported varieties are Tommy Atkins, Haden, Kent and Keitt; the latter two are consumed in Europe.
Although India and China are the largest producers, much of its production is destined for its own domestic market. That is why the largest exporters are Mexico (13.5%), the Netherlands (12.2%), Thailand (9.6%), India (9.4%) and Brazil (7.9%). The continent that most exported in 2014/2015 campaign was Latin America, with a value of 684 million dollars.
The continent that mattered most handle in 2014 was Europe with a value of 932.6 million dollars.
In the European market, the main countries of origin are Brazil, Peru and the Ivory Coast. In 2014, the first two countries have provided 63% of the total mainland demand.
The main European exporters are the Netherlands, Spain and Belgium, which often re-export to other countries. Much of the Spanish exports are destined for Portugal and France. The main importers are the United States (20.8%), the Netherlands (11.6%), China (7.5%), Germany (6.8%) and the UK (5.5%).
TRANSPORTATION OF MANGOES: +FAST ; +FRESH & – RISK
The mango is a very delicate fruit, and that is why it must be handled with extreme care to avoid injuries that can affect the fruit during the ripening process. It is recommended to be stored and transported carefully with cold chain so that its quality is maintained.
As specialists in perishable products, Fermac Cargo has a specialized team, available every day of the year, 24/7 to offer tailored logistics solutions.
We invest so much in this market, that together with Air France, we started operating a new cargo route originating in the city of Abidjan, Ivory Coast, with destination to Madrid, Spain. In this way, we can meet the demand of the European market. We know the market and we are passionate about mangoes. If you share this passion also, take your time to meet more about the logistics solutions that we offer in our Mango Page and in the Dossier Services.
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- Top 10 mango producing countries in the world. In: http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-top-ten/mango-producing-countries.html
– Fresh mangoes in Europe. In: https://www.cbi.eu/sites/default/files/product-factsheet-europe-fresh-mangoes-2015.pdf
– Mango is a fruit? What is mango? In: http://science-all.com/mango.html
– A study on the export performance of fresh mangoes from India. In: http://www.ijims.com/uploads/089507b63a0f45169bb420pdf.pdf
– Top mangoes importers 2014. In: http://www.worldsrichestcountries.com/top_mango_importers.html
– Guía para el cultivo del mango. In: http://www.mag.go.cr/bibioteca_virtual_ciencia/tec-mango.pdf